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The power of one tree

12:12, 26/06/2021
Shabrimãng cầu Alfari Mar 21, 2020 • 29 min read

Konsep Pelajaran Kelas 12 Ujian Nasional SMA Latihan Soal XII


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Artikel ini memberikan latihan soal Ujian Nasional Berbasis Komputer (UNBK) untuk SMA Bahasa Inggris tahun 2020

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Penyebaran kasus COVID-19 di Indonesia menyebabkan beberapa daerah menutup sekolah dan universitas. Hal ini pun berakibat penundaan Ujian Nasional di sejumlah daerah dan pemberlakukan protokol keseharã untuk mencegah COVID-19. Di tengah situaham mê seperti ini, kamu harus #TetapSehatTetapBelajar ya. Ayo, semangat menyambut Ujian Nasional 20trăng tròn dengan berlatih soal bahasa Inggris berikut ini.

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Man: Uncle Dan is going to lớn visit us this weekkết thúc.

Woman : That is great! We can spkết thúc all day in the đô thị with hyên.

Man: Yeah, we can go lớn the cinema & try new cafes.

Woman: I can’t wait to see him.

Topik : Comtháng Expression 1

Subtopik : Expression of Sadness, Sympathy, Happiness, & Affection

Level kognitif: HOTS

1. What are the man & the woman talking about?

Weekkết thúc plansSeeing a movieGoing khổng lồ the cityTrying new cafesUncle Dan’s activities

Jawaban: A

Pembahasan:

Kedua pembicara sedang membahas rencana akhir pekan mereka bersama paman Dan. Dengan begitu, jawaban yang tepat adalah “weekover plans”.

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Topik : Common Expression 2

Subtopik : Expression of Dissatisfaction and Satisfaction

Level kognitif: MOTS

Man : So, how was your trip?

Woman : It was awful. The committee was not professional. I lost a bag but they didn’t vị anything about it.

Man : That is bad. Well, at least the tour was great, wasn’t it?

Woman : No, it wasn’t. We just stayed at the hotel because it rained all day. They didn’t predict the weather. Boring!

Man : Let me guess. The khách sạn was terrible as well?

Woman : You bet!

2. What does the woman express?

HopeSympathySatisfactionExpectationDissatisfaction

Jawaban: E

Pembahasan:

Si wanita pada dialog tidak menyukai liburannya karena dipenuhi hal-hal yang mengecewakan. Mulai dari kehilangan tas, sampai hotel yang tidak layak. Dengan begitu, jawaban yang tepat adalah E. “dissatisfaction”.

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Topik : Descriptive sầu Text

Subtopik : Introduction lớn Descriptive sầu Text

Level kognitif: HOTS

This building is the primary residence of the Emperor of nhật bản. It is a large park-like area located in the Chiyodomain authority ward of Tokyo and contains buildings including the main palace, the private residences of the Imperial Family, an archive, museums và administrative sầu offices.

It is built on the site of the old Edo Castle. The total area including the gardens is 1.15 square kilometres. The castle itself is surrounded by water. During the height of the 1980s Japanese property bubble, the palace grounds were valued by some to lớn be more than the value of all of the real estate in the state of California.

3. Which picture is described in the text?

A.

B.

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C.

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D.

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E.

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Jawaban: D

Pembahasan:

Pada monologterdapat informamê mệt “The castle itself is surrounded by water.” Dengan begitu, gambar yang tepat adalah D karemãng cầu hanya gambar D yang istananya dikelilingi air.

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Topik : Spoof và Report

Subtopik : Report Text

Level kognitif: HOTS

Sirikit Kitiyakara was the queen consort of King Bhumibol Adulyadej and is the mother of King Vajiralongkorn. She met the King of Xứ sở nụ cười Thái Lan in Paris, where her father was Tnhì ambassador. They married in 1950, shortly before Bhumibol"s coronation. Sirikit has one son và three daughters with the king. Consort of the monarch who was the world"s longest-reigning head of state, she was also the world"s longest-serving consort. Sirikit suffered a stroke on 21 July 2012 và has since refrained from public appearances.

4. Which picture is described in the text?

A.

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B.

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C.

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D.

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E.

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Jawaban: A

Pembahasan:

Pada teks disebutkanShe met the King of Vương Quốc của nụ cười in Paris”. Dengan begitu, gambar yang tepat adalah A. (Ratu Sirikit).

Gambar B merupakan ilustrayêu thích Ratu Cleopatra, gambar C adalah Ratu Elizabeth, gambar D adalah Ibu Negara Iriamãng cầu Joko Widovị, dan gambar D merupakan mantung permaisuri Jepang Michiko.

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The text is for question number 5.

A train accident occurred in northern Italy. The train traveled at 180 mph when the first oto on the train left the rails & separated from the train. It hit a nearby railroad building, killed two railway workers, & injured 27 people.

Police explained that there was some work on the railway the evening before; however, work on railways happens very often. Police have to lớn investigate the accident because they do not know if the work caused the accident.

Rail workers’ unions will go on strike on Friday. They said that the accident was very serious và not acceptable.

Topik : News Item

Subtopik : Aspects ofNews Item

Level kognitif: MOTS

5. What happened after the incident?

The railway was closed.A prokiểm tra would be held.Police would cthua kém the case.The government would take action.People became afraid to lớn take the train.

Jawaban: B

Pembahasan:

Setelah kecelakaan, serikat pekerja kereta api akan melakukan unjuk rasa karemãng cầu mereka menilai bahwa kecelakaan tersebut sangat serius dan tidak dapat ditoleransi (Rail workers’ unions will go on strike on Friday). Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah B. A protest would be held.

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The following text is for question number 6.

Thomas Matulessy, also known as Kapitan Pattimura or Ahmad Lussy or simply Pattimura, was an Ambonese soldier & National Hero of Indonesia. Born on the islvà of Saparua, Pattimura joined the British army after they took the Maluku islands from the Dutch colonials. When the islands were returned to the Dutch in 1816, he was dismissed. Concerned that the Dutch would implement programs that limited his people, Pattimura led an armed rebellion that captured Fort Duurstede on 16 May 1817. Killing the inhabitants of the fortress and fighting off Dutch reinforcements, on 29 May he was declared the leader of the Maluku people. After being betrayed by the King of Booi Pati Akoon, he was captured by Dutch forces on 11 November & hanged the next month.

Pattimura has become a symbol of both Maluku and Indonesian independence, praised by President Sukarno và declared a national nhân vật by President Suharto lớn. He has several namesakes both in the capital of Maluku, Ambon, và in the rest of the Indonesian archipelago.

Topik : Recount Text

Subtopik : Aspects ofRecount Text

Level kognitif: HOTS

6. What can we infer from the monologue?

The Dutch took Maluku from the British.Pattimura was born in a nationadanh mục family.Pattimura was executed khổng lồ stop the rebellion.Thomas Matulessy joined the British army lớn fight the Dutch.Pattimura was declared the leader of the Maluku people by Suharto.

Jawaban: C

Pembahasan:

Kesimpulan yang tepat adalah C. Pattimura dihukum mati karena Belanda ingin agar para pemberontak kehilangan pemimpinnya dan padomain authority akhirnya berhenti memberontak.

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READING

The following text is for questions number 7-8.

The Proclamation of Indonesian Independence was read at 10.00 a.m. on Friday, 17 August 1945. The document was signed by Sukarno và Mohammad Hatta, who were appointed president & vice-president respectively the following day. The draft was prepared only a few hours earlier on the night of 16 August 1945 by Sukarno, Hatta, và Soebardjo, at the house of Rear-Admiral Tadashi Maeda.

The wording of the proclamation had been discussed at length & had lớn balance both conflicting internal Indonesian and Japanese interests. Sukarno drafted the final proclamation which balanced the interests of both the members of the youth movement và the Japanese. The term ‘TRANSFER OF POWER’ was used in Indonesian to lớn satisfy Japanese interests to appear that it was an administrative transfer of power, although the term used ‘pemindahan kekuasaan’ could be perceived khổng lồ mean political power. The wording ‘BY CAREFUL MEANS’ related lớn preventing conflict with members of the youth movement. The wording ‘IN THE SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME’ was used to meet the needs of all Indonesians for independence.

Initially the proclamation was to be announced at Djakarta central square, but the military had been sent to lớn monitor the area, so the venue was changed to lớn Sukarno"s house at Pegangsaan Timur 56. The proclamation was heard throughout the country because the text was secretlybroadcast by Indonesian radio personnel using the transmitters of the Jakarta Broadcasting Station.

Topik : Recount Text

Subtopik : Aspects of Recount Text

Level kognitif: LOTS

7. What is the main idea of the second paragraph?

The location of the proclamation.The night before the proclamation.The term ‘TRANSFER OF POWER’.Word choice in the text of proclamation.The preparation of Indonesian independence.

Jawaban: D

Pembahasan:

Paragraf kedua membahas pemilihan kata, frasa, dan klausa yang digunakan dalam teks proklamaham mê. Pemilihan frasa seperti ‘TRANSFER OF POWER’, ‘BY CAREFUL MEANS’, dan ‘IN THE SHORTEST POSSIBLE TIME’dipilih dengan hati-hati agar dapat mewakili kepentingan Indonesia dan Jepang.

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Topik : Recount Text

Subtopik : Aspects of Recount Text

Level kognitif: MOTS

8.“the text was secretly broadcast” (Par. 3). The underlined word has similar meaning to ….

continuouslyformallyopenlypubliclyquietly

Jawaban: E

Pembahasan:

Kata “secretly” artinya secara rahasia sehingga sinonim yang tepat adalah “quietly”yang artinya secara diam-diam.

Kata“continuously”artinya secara terus-menerus, kata “formally”artinya secara formal, “openly”dan “publicly”artinya secara terbuka

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The following text is for question number 9.

PUBLIC NOTICE

This is khổng lồ inkhung all members of Staff và the General Public that the Consulate General of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, Atlanta, will be closed on Monday November 11, 2019 lớn observe sầu the Veteran"s Day holiday declared by the United States Government.

2. Normal business will resume on Thursday, November 12, 2019.

Consulate General of Nigeria, Atlanta

Topik : Announcement

Subtopik : What is an Announcement?

Level kognitif:HOTS

9. What is the purpose of the text?

To insize public holidays in Nigeria.To announce the Veteran"s Day celebration.To invite the staff of the Consulate General of Nigeria lớn the Nhà Trắng.To tell Nigeria about the Veteran"s Day hold by the United States of America.To announce the Consulate General of Nigeria closing due lớn the US Veteran’s Day.

Xem thêm: Nitro Cold Brew Là Gì - Bạn Đã Biết Gì Về Nitro Cold Brew

Jawaban: E

Pembahasan:

Pengumuman di atas menginformasikan tentang penutupan Konsulat Jenderal Nigeria di Atlanta karemãng cầu mereka akan merayakan Hari Veteran Amerika Serikat. Dengan begitu, jawaban yang tepat adalah E.

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The following text is for questionsnumber 10-11.

A Long time ago a very cruel king named Virat Singh. He was the ruler of Vijay Nagar. All citizens were fearful because of his cruelty.

Virat has a dog named Jack, which he used khổng lồ love sầu more than anything, one fateful morning Jachồng died. Virat Singh organized last rituals for the dog, entire city came khổng lồ the cremation ground. Virat Singh was very happy to see that people love sầu hyên so much and he felt he is the most popular king in the world. After few days Virat Singh died, but nobody toàn thân came for his funerals.

Topik : Narrative Text

Subtopik : Introduction to lớn Narrative Text

Level kognitif: HOTS

10. From the text we can infer that …

the citizens were afraid of the dog.Virat Singh was killed by his people.the dog was actually the King’s child.the people loved the dog more than the king.nobody toàn thân came lớn the king’s funeral because it was far.

Jawaban: D

Pembahasan:

Kesimpulan yang tepat adalah D. Rakyat dalam cerita lebih mencintai yêu thích anjing daripadomain authority raja mereka sendiri. Kesimpulan ini tepat karemãng cầu padomain authority cerita disebutkan bahwa semua orang menghadiri pemakaman si mê anjing, tetapi tidak ada satupun yang menghadiri pemakaman đam mê raja.

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Topik : Narrative Text

Subtopik : Introduction khổng lồ Narrative sầu Text

Level kognitif: LOTS

11. The citizens abandoned the king … he died.

whenbeforewhileuntilwhenever

Jawaban: A

Pembahasan:

Konjungmê mệt yang tepat adalah “when”sehingga kalimatnya berbunyi “Setải penduduk meninggalkan say mê raja ketika ia meninggal.”

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The following text is for question number 12.

Hello Felyta!

It’s been too long since our last visit, & I thought I’d write to lớn you khổng lồ see how everything is. So, how are you & the family doing? I rethành viên precisely & perfectly Janice is just about lớn start kindergarten, right? That must be exciting; she was always such a bright girl. And what grade is Silas going into? 7th or 8th? He’s growing up so fast. They both are, really.

My kids are getting ready for the school year as well. Galen just mentioned you guys the other day while we were at the park. He remembered how Janice was throwing the pebbles last time and asked when he’d get khổng lồ play with her again. I really hope that I can tell hyên you’ll all be visiting soon. You guys should drive up for a weekkết thúc out with us. There’s a new restaurant in town, and I think you’d lượt thích it; it’s very simple and cozy.

We all miss you very much, Felyta, and the family is welcome khổng lồ come visit any time at all. I hope all is well with everyone. Please sover hellos from all of us to lớn your family. Talk to you soon.

Love sầu,

Maria

Topik : Personal Letter

Subtopik : Aspects of Personal Letter

Level kognitif: MOTS

12. From the text we know Maria remembered that ...

Felyta was her neighbor.they used to be classmates.their children went to the same university.they always celebrated Christmas together.Felyta’s daughter was going khổng lồ enter kindergarten.

Jawaban: E

Pembahasan:

Hal yang masih diingat Maria adalah Janice (anak Felyta) akan masuk TK tahun itu (I remember precisely and perfectly Janice is just about khổng lồ start kindergarten, right?). Dengan begitu, jawaban yang tepat adalah E.

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Questions number 13lớn 14are based on the following text.

What you need:

-Your Smartphone

-Wi-Fi Connection

Steps to connect khổng lồ a network:

1.Tap settings.

2.Tap Wi-Fi.

3.Turn on the Wi-Fi, your điện thoại thông minh will automatically search for available Wi-Fi networks.

4.Tap the name of your desired Wi-Fi network:

If the network is not password-protected, a check-mark will appear to the right of the network if your smartphone is connected to the network.If the network is password-protected, you will be prompted khổng lồ enter the password. A check-mark will appear khổng lồ the right of the network if your smartphone is connected to lớn the network.

5.If your desired network does not appear, it is possible that your network is hidden:

Tap other.Enter the exact name of the network.If it exists, you will be prompted to lớn enter the password. A check-mark will appear lớn the right of the network if your smartphone is connected to lớn the network.

Topik : Procedures

Subtopik : Aspects of Procedures

Level kognitif: MOTS

13. After reading the text, the reader will be able to ...

browse the mạng internet.find Wi-Fi signals around them.make new friends on the internet.find a good modem to make a new connection.tell the other readers to lớn find network connections.

Jawaban: A

Pembahasan:

Setelah membaca dan melakukan tips di atas, dapat dipastikan bahwa pembaca dapat terkonekđam mê dengan mạng internet dan menggunakannya. Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah A.

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Topik : Procedures

Subtopik : Aspects of Procedures

Level kognitif: MOTS

14. What is one possible condition if your network does not appear?

Your phone is broken.The network is hidden.The network is password-protected.You don’t have sầu enough phone credit.The network is not password-protected.

Jawaban: B

Pembahasan:

Padomain authority langkah kelima tertulis: “If your desired network does not appear, it is possible that your network is hidden.” Dengan begitu, jawaban yang tepat adalah B. The network is hidden.

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The following text is for question number 15.

The Great Wall of Đài Loan Trung Quốc is the largest và the longest wall lớn have ever built by humans. Several walls were being built from as early as the 7th century BC by ancient Chinese states; selective stretches were later joined together by Qin Shi Huang (220–206 BC), the first Emperor of China. Little of the Qin wall remains. Later on, many successive sầu dynasties have sầu built and maintained multiple stretches of border walls. The most well-known sections of the wall were built by the Ming dynasty (1368–1644)

Collectively, the Great Wall stretches from Dandong in the east lớn Lop Lake in the west. The construction materials were mainly earth, wood, stones, s&, và bricks, used depending on construction era and construction site with different climate and local materials. Its average height ranges from 6 to lớn 7 meters & the tallest part reaches around 14 meters. A comprehensive sầu archaeological survey, using advancedtechnologies, has concluded that the walls built by the Ming dynasty measure 8,850 km. This is made up of 6,259 km sections of actual wall, 359 km of trenches and 2,232 km of natural defensive sầu barriers such as hills and rivers. The entire wall with all of its branches measures out to lớn be 21,196 km.

Topik :Descriptive Text

Subtopik :Introduction to lớn Descriptive sầu Text

Level kognitif: MOTS

15. “using advancedtechnologies”(Par. 2). The underlined word is synonymous with ….

affordableexpensivemodernolduseful

Jawaban: C

Pembahasan:

Kata “advanced” artinya modern sehingga jawaban yang tepat adalah C. Kata “affordable”artinya terjangkau, “expensive” artinya mahal, “old”artinya tua, dan “useful”artinya berguna.

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The following text is for questions number 16lớn 17.

Studying is a dreaded word that many college students hate khổng lồ hear, but how about doing it internationally? Traveling the world is something many hope khổng lồ vày in life, so why not vày it now while in college?

Exposure to lớn international countries will allow college students the incredible experience of traveling. It also makes students aware of the way others work on a day-to-day basis. Students will also benefit socially from studying abroad due khổng lồ the independence traveling internationally brings someone. Traveling abroad will make sure students will be more independent và mature than when they left. This is due to the student getting out of their comfort zone & trying something new.

Studying abroad has many advantages. There is no substitution for “being there.” In the twenty-first century we can experience things online but the only way lớn experience it fully is to travel.

Topik : Exposition Text

Subtopik : Hortatory Exposition Text

Level kognitif: HOTS

16. Which of the following information can be found in the text?

Studying abroad may cost you a lot of money.Studying abroad will improve your social skills.Learning everything online is better than traveling abroad.Studying in another country should be done as early as possible.Students who study abroad are more successful than those who don’t.

Jawaban: B

Pembahasan:

Pada paragraf kedua disebutkan bahwa dengan belajar di luar negeri, murid dapat mendapatkan manfaat sosial (Students will also benefit socially from studying abroad due lớn the independence traveling internationally brings someone) atau dengan kata lain, belajar di luar negeri akan meningkatkan kemampuan sosial murid. Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah B.

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Topik : Exposition Text

Subtopik : Hortatory Exposition Text

Level kognitif:HOTS

17. What is the writer’s recommendation regarding studying abroad?

Students must travel lớn gain real experience.The needs of students should be learned internationally.Parents who don’t send their kids abroad need khổng lồ be sanctioned.Schools must make special programs for their students lớn study abroad.Parents have sầu to make a study abroad budget since their kids are in primary schools.

Jawaban: A

Pembahasan:

Padomain authority kalimat akhir, đắm say penulis merekomendasikan para siswa untuk berangkat ke luar negeri karemãng cầu tidak cukup mempelajari dunia luar hanya dengan metode online (“...we can experience things online, but the only way khổng lồ experience it fully is khổng lồ travel.”)

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The following text is for question number 18.

Smoking a cigarette may be a normal routine to lớn some, but in reality, it is purely a harmful activity. Ingesting smoke can be lethal, & can cause many diseases, such as cancer. But one common issue that most smokers overlook is its impact on others. This is known as secondhand smoke, the smoke produced from a cigarette or the smoke exhaled by a smoker. Secondh& smoke is a silent killer.

Smoking doesn"t only affect people, but also the environment. I am fairly certain that every person in this room has seen a cigarette butt lying somewhere, at some point in their lives. Whether it’s on the curb of a neighborhood street, on the sandy beach, or in your favorite park, this litter can be found just about anywhere. Most smokers don’t even believe that a cigarette butt is actually litter, but trust me, it is.

I personally think that breathing clean & pure air is a basic right for any human being. Allowing public smoking is taking away that right, & making the air we breathe in daily possibly harmful to lớn our well-being.

Topik : Exposition

Subtopik : Analytical Text

Level kognitif: HOTS

18. “Smoking doesn"t only affect people, but also the environment.

Change the sentence above sầu into passive voice!

People và environment are affected by smoking.People và environment were affected by smoking.People & environment will be affected by smoking.People & environment can be affected by smoking.People & environment had been affected by smoking.

Jawaban: A

Pembahasan:

Kalimat padomain authority soal ditulis menggunakan simple present(terdapat kata“doesn’t”). Dengan begitu, kalimat pasifnya haruslah dalam bentuk simple present(is/am/are + V3). Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah A.

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The text is for question number 19.

Dear Mr. Ferguson,

On the behalf of Domimãng cầu Sales & Marketing Pvt Ltd, I am glad to invite you for the business summit 2020 to lớn be held at the head office of our company on Friday February, 21st, 20đôi mươi. The subject of this business meet is the distribution of all saleable products. We have enclosed a business meet imitation containing all essential detail of summit including venue, meeting hours và subjects of discussions for your ready reference.

We request you khổng lồ bring all official documents in order lớn discuss all financial và distribution issues which you have sầu been through in the year of 2019.

Yours Sincerely,

Manager- Sales và Marketing

Topik : Formal Letters

Subtopik : Invitation Letter

Level kognitif: MOTS

19. Why is the text written?

To announce an office move sầu.To inkhung the company’s growth.To invite Mr. Ferguson lớn the business summit 2020.To present Domimãng cầu Sales & Marketing Pvt Ltd & its clients.To inkhung the new location of Domina Sales và Marketing Pvt Ltd.

Jawaban:CPembahasan:

Alasan mê mệt penulis mengiryên surat kepadomain authority Mr. Ferguson dapat dilihat padomain authority kalimat awal paragraf pertama: I am glad to invite youfor the business summit 2020”. Jadi, jawaban yang tepat adalah C. To invite Mr. Ferguson lớn the business summit 20đôi mươi.

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Mudah dipahamày "kan soal-soal? Jangan patah semangat dan jangan takut. Selalu jaga kesehatan diri sendiri dan lingkunganmu ya. Ayo, tetap belajar dengan Clip beranimađê mê dan ribuan latihan soal di ruangbelajar.