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National id and the real id act

07:19, 14/07/2021

The past ten years have brought a sea-change in what citizens và governments expect national ID cards to deliver and identity to lớn be.

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This period has also been filled with incremental tech developments serving as a foundation for a smarter citizen ID future. 

Five sầu topics have moved lớn the main stage in the past few years:

Biometrics, Electronic national cards, mobile IDs, Virtual documents such as "mobile" driver"s license The need to lớn mix up a national identity framework 

Biometric IDs are here.

Fast forward lớn 2021, & digital identity technologies such as smart cards and biometrics have come of age.

An estimated 1đôi mươi countries are now deploying electronic passports incorporating these highly secure features, & over 70 countries are implementing eID cards.

National ID cards have sầu undergone a considerable transformation; simple paper documents designed for single identification applications have given way khổng lồ smarter documents in the form of a credit thẻ. 

These citizen ID cards or eIDs include a microprocessor for more robust document verification và online authentication và signature.

As they contain the cardholder"s portrait và very often fingerprints, they can be used for biometric identification và biometric authentication when needed.

And guess what?

Passed on trăng tròn June 2019, the 2019/1157  EU regulation gives its Member States two years khổng lồ implement ID cards" security features aligned with those of passports.

The Member States và Iceland, Norway, & Liechtenstein will need lớn start to issue these new cards with a secure contactless chip and the holder"s phokhổng lồ, and two fingerprints in the 2021-2022 timeframe as the directive sầu come inlớn force 12 months after publication & States have two years khổng lồ comply.

According khổng lồ the government trang web and following European regulations, France is gradually issuing its new national biometric ID card from 16 March 2021. It, therefore, adopts the credit thẻ format (85.60 × 53.98 mm, to be precise) & incorporates a contact & contactless electronic chip. This was not the case with the previous national ID thẻ. The new, highly secure polycarbonate thẻ is free và valid for 10 years.

 France announced its new biometric eID card on 16 March 2021.


There"s more.

This new generation of computerized national identity cards offers one of the best identity theft protection.

These eID cards also enable governments to lớn implement online applications such as eGovernment solutions giving citizens access lớn public services with the reassurance of robust security.​​​

The development of these government-issued IDs means a single card can offer a host of applications – from acting as a driver"s license, enabling the user lớn file their taxes, or giving him/her access lớn state benefits.

More from Thales on secure document implementations around the world.


3,6 billion citizens khổng lồ carry a national eID thẻ by 2021

But while some nations have sầu been reticent in adopting eIDs, other countries have been far more bullish.

We"ve sầu seen implementations across Europe (except the UK), in Asia with Đài Loan Trung Quốc, Malaysia, Mongolia, Pakistan, the Philippines, & Indonesia, to name a few, or across Africa with countries like the Republic of South Africa, Nigeria, and more recently with Algeria và Cameroun.

Added to that are deployments across large parts of Europe, in the Gulf, & parts of Latin America.

All provide inspiring examples of the potential of eIDs to lớn affect millions of ordinary lives throughout developed & emerging economies.

In early 2017, 82% of all countries issuing National ID cards have implemented eID programs. ​Annual issuance will peak in 2019 at 679 million state-issued IDs with a chip. 

According khổng lồ research company Acuity Market Intelligence, electronic National ID cards in circulation will reach 3.6 billion citizens by 2021.

Electronic IDs" rapidly evolving dominance reflects the global drive towards eGovernment & eCommerce services enabled by electronic identities.

According to Acuity, this move sầu will provide substantial opportunities as national, regional, và global transaction infrastructures secured by a trusted digital identity scheme emerge over the next five years.



Philippines started to register millions for national ID cards in October 2020. The Government’s target is 92 million by 2022.


PhilSys, the Philippine Identification System (Republic Act 11055 of 6 August 2018), includes biographical information (name, sex, date, and place of birth, blood type, address, & nationality) & biometric data (fingerprints, facial photos, & iris scans).

The government aims to lớn create a single national identification system for all citizens & resident aliens of the Republic of the Philippines (population 110 million in 2021). 

The new centralized system will grant a quality ID number for each person, and ID cards will be issued. 

Replacing 33 identification cards, the Philippine national ID can be used as proof of identification for all transactions, whether by a government agency or a private organization. It"s a major tool for social & financial inclusion.

National identity & economic empowerment

The case for eID cards and ePassports is quite straightforward for most people in the eID industry. 

In the business world, they play a crucial role in enabling financial services firms & telecom companies to fulfill Know Your Customer (KYC)  requirements & carry out Know Your Employee checks. They allow government departments to interact with their citizens more effectively around the clochồng.

In the border control environment, combined with facial recognition & biometric authentication systems, they boost security and improve passenger throughput, giving authorities the confidence that the person standing in front of them is who he or she claims lớn be.

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And the best part?

Emerging economies see the value of digital ID credentials because they promote economic empowerment, drive sầu democracy, và aid economic development, as highlighted by the World Bank Group initiative sầu named ID4 chiều. 

They show the rest of the world that they are modern, secure, and trustworthy states, implementing new technologies & standards, và open for business.

Furthermore, secure ID giải pháp công nghệ that can be used cross-border is essential as it promotes regional integration và stability & makes economic development more likely.

Yes, you"re right.

There are similarities with the European Regulation put in place in September 2018.

This interoperability is what the European eIDAS Regulation on digital identification và trust services for digital transactions is trying lớn achieve sầu.

A digital trust framework will allow European citizens of 31 countries lớn không tính phí themselves from uncoordinated và separate infrastructures. ​

One of the most innovative aspects of the Regulation is the possibility of accessing many services throughout Europe using the same national digital identity, whether public or private, provided that it has been officially validated by the authorities of the country where it is currently in use. ​


​Mobile ID – digital identity at work

Over recent years, điện thoại identity (mID) has proved an increasingly popular choice with citizens, thanks to its convenience, ergonomics, và high security cấp độ.

The rapid adoption of m-Government services in countries that have sầu chosen to lớn focus on Smartphone communication devices has demonstrated the appeal of this secure and trusted method of identification.

Some visionary countries have leaped thiết bị di động ID or mID by creating a mechanism using an eID component for accessing online services via mobile devices. 

Pioneers include countries with svào market penetration of cell phones và new giải pháp công nghệ, such as Austria, Estonia, Finl&, Norway, và Turkey.

thiết bị di động ID projects are sometimes driven by the need for a universal form of identification (Austria 2003), or Estonia in 2007, to lớn supplement a national thẻ program and accelerate electronic identity & digital signature development. 

In năm trước, Oman was the first country in the Middle East to lớn complement its national electronic ID thẻ with a sản phẩm điện thoại ID scheme.

As a highly trusted channel between citizens & service providers, sản phẩm điện thoại ID extends its use from egovernment into lớn other online areas such as banking & payment.


"1984" did not happen.

Contrary to lớn the vision of novemenu George Orwell in "1984", national eID schemes have shown that managing citizen IDs can protect civil liberties, identity, và social interactions in a state of law.

Electronic records on individual citizens are available upon their owner"s request in many European countries with a national eID scheme.

As former President of Estonia Toomas Hendrik Ilves puts it: "You own your own data, so you have sầu the right khổng lồ access it any time." 

​When introducing its national eID in Belgium, the government offered citizens an application to lớn know who has accessed their data.

And of course, the key to accessing this online app is the national eID thẻ. Each citizen can consult their personal tệp tin in the national data register to see a record of when government officials have sầu accessed their data and for what reason. 

It"s an excellent example of how transparency and traceability in every transaction between governments & citizens can help protect privacy and strengthen trust.

Read more on transparency and traceability in the following Thales white paper on eGov 2.0.

There"s more.

We’re seeing the emergence of a global consensus on privacy protection, explicitly incorporating biometric data, as illustrated in particular by the regulations known as the General Data Protection Regulation put in place in Europe & the UK in May 2018. ​ 

The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), implemented as of 1 January 2020, is also a significant step toward privacy rights và consumer protection. It may serve sầu as a guide for several US states like Massachusetts, Utah, North Dakota, và Washington. 

Thủ đô New York now stands beside California. New York"s Stop Hacks and Improve Electronic Data Security Act (SHIELD Act) is effective 21 March 2020.

Federal legislative hearings are also taking place in 20đôi mươi on that very topic.


​On the road khổng lồ the virtual driver"s license

So when will we have a digital driver"s license on our mobile phone?

Well, sooner than you may think. Here is why.

Today you can already vì a lot with a smartphone. And the trkết thúc for on-phone payment, loyalty, or travel applications may yet bring the driver"s license lớn your mobile. 

While a driver"s license primarily confirms the identity và driving rights, a virtual driver"s license, also called a Smartphone driver"s license or digital driver"s license, potentially brings many more benefits & opportunities for issuers, regulatory authorities, & particularly drivers.

The traditional driver"s license is an essential proof of ID (identity và age) checked by enforcement agencies, retailers, and financial institutions alượt thích. A Smartphone driver"s license would provide an on-screen version of the traditional phokhổng lồ và driver information và more. 

A highly secure thiết bị di động application has more robust counterfeiting characteristics, enables driver data to be updated instantly, & facilitates real-time communication, opening the way khổng lồ new business models using a trusted and secure channel. 

Though the sản phẩm điện thoại driver"s license still has some distance khổng lồ travel before becoming a complement or replacement to lớn the plastic license we are used to, there"s an interest in other countries lượt thích nước Australia, Brasil, và the UK also looking inlớn this option. 


To learn more about digital driver"s license initiatives, visit our dedicated web dossier.

Several US states have sầu launched pilots​​ khổng lồ explore the user convenience, privacy, security, và interoperability of điện thoại driver licenses.​

In July-August 2017, Colorado and Maryland ​initiated digital driver"s license live pilots. Feedbaông xã collected lượt thích this one is highly motivating.