22:22, 11/04/2021
Ryan Dube is a freelance contributor to lớn aiesec-unwe.net & former Managing Editor of MakeUseOf, senior IT Analyst, và an automation engineer.

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Corrupted files can occur on any tệp tin type, including Word, Excel, PDF, image files, and Windows system files. When this occurs, you"ll see an error that says something lượt thích, "The tệp tin is corrupt và cannot be opened," or "The file or directory is corrupted and unreadable." Another message that you"ll see is, "Word found unreadable content in . Do you want to recover the contents of this document?"

These errors occur when you double-cliông xã the file to open it, or when you attempt to open it from within an application. If you encounter one of these messages, here are some ways to lớn fix the problem.

These fixes apply to all editions of Windows 10, Windows 8, and Windows 7, including 32-bit and 64-bit versions.


 Patrichồng Lindenberg / Unsplash

Causes of Corrupted Files

There are a number of reasons files can get corrupted. One comtháng reason is that the sector on the hard disk where the tệp tin is stored had physical damage. A sector with physical damage is known as a bad sector.

In other cases, multiple files are allocated khổng lồ the same space in memory, triggering a corrupted tệp tin error. Files are stored in memory in a cluster, & sometimes a bug in the operating system, or a computer crash, may lead khổng lồ two files getting assigned to the same cluster.

How to lớn Fix Corrupted Files

Corrupt tệp tin errors can be unpredictable và can happen when least expected. A corrupt file can be repaired only about half the time. Try these fixes to lớn see if you can get khổng lồ the bottom of your corrupt tệp tin error.

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Persize a check disk on the hard drive. Running this tool scans the hard drive sầu and attempts lớn recover bad sectors. After the sectors are repaired, reopen your file again to lớn see if it"s no longer corrupted.

Use the CHKDSK commvà. This is the comm& version of the tool we looked at above sầu. It"s worth a try if the check disk tool failed.

Change the file format. Use a không lấy phí file converter app, or open the tệp tin with any application that automatically converts from other file formats. For example, open a corrupted Word document with a PDF ứng dụng to launch a file-conversion utility. Often, a tệp tin conversion alone repairs a corrupt file.

Use tệp tin repair software. If you"re desperate to fix the file & recover your information, try a tệp tin repair utility. There are both không lấy phí and paid tools, such as Hetman, Repair Toolbox, or FileRepair. Try Digital Video Repair for corrupt video clip files, Zip Repair for corrupt ZIP files, or OfficeFIX lớn repair Microsoft Office files.

Protect Files From Corruption

Since tệp tin corruption can happen on any file & for many reasons, it"s important to lớn make regular backups of your files. Use backup software lớn keep your important files backed up at all times. This way, if a file is corrupted, you can recover it from the backup.