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Wet market là gì

13:57, 05/04/2021

Hong Kong (aiesec-unwe.net)If you have sầu ever been to lớn a shopping area where butchers and grocers sell fresh produce straight from the farm, then you have sầu been lớn something that would, in some parts of the world, be called a wet market.

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That might be surprising -- because recently the term wet market has become almost synonymous with Covid-19 for some people in the West.
The novel coronavirut, which has infected cthua thảm to lớn 2 million people globally, is believed lớn have sầu originated in a wet market in the city of Wuhan, where wild animals such as porcupines & deer were being sold và slaughtered for food và medicine.
Speaking on April 3, the US" top infectious disease speciadanh mục, Anthony Fauci, told Fox News that all wet markets should be "shut down right away," saying he couldn"t understvà why they were still open.
But wet markets, as opposed to dry markets, which sell non-perishable goods such as grain or household products, are simply places that offer a wide range of fresh produce. Some, but not all, also sell live sầu animals. They are referred to lớn as "wet" owing to lớn the fact that floors are often hosed down after vendors wash vegetables or clean fish.
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After SARS authorities in several provinces tried khổng lồ tackle the wildlife trade, banning the sale of some animals such as civet cats & snakes, but many of the bans either weren"t enforced or were quietly removed.
In response lớn the coronavirut pandemic, the Chinese government temporarily banned the trade of wild animals for food in late February và is currently drafting a permanent law to further tighten controls.

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According lớn Chinese state-run truyền thông Xinhua, at least 94% of mainlvà China"s wet markets had been reopened as of March 22. It remains unclear, however, how many of those have sầu completely stopped trading wild animals.
"In the face of Covid-19, it is understandable that around the world there are calls for shutting down all wet markets," said Duan Biggs, senior retìm kiếm fellow in the Environmental Futures Retìm kiếm Institute at Australia"s Griffith University.
"However, a complete ban is unlikely to be a sustainable solution khổng lồ this risk -- as earlier failed attempts at bans và shutdowns show. Instead, new policies & regulations need lớn incorporate scientific evidence together with consideration of different cultural perceptions & values towards wildlife, wildlife trade và consumption."
In this picture taken on July 10, 2019, a butcher cuts a piece of pork meat at his stall at a market in Beijing.
Traditionally, consumers in Trung Quốc have long favored fresh produce, preferring khổng lồ make several trips lớn a market each week khổng lồ buy meat, fish & vegetables, rather than driving to lớn a supermarket for a weekly shop. But in recent years, like everywhere else globally, wet markets have lost ground to supermarkets, especially aý muốn younger consumers.
Online grocery stores, backed by mạng internet giants who have cash khổng lồ burn & sophisticated logistics systems, are also gaining ground.
Even older generations, who have a lifelong habit of shopping in wet markets, are being lured to new services such as Alibaba"s Hema (Freshhippo) with generous discounts & pledges for safety và traceability of its produce. Hema alone had 197 storefronts in Trung Quốc by the over of 2019.
Travel restrictions during the vi khuẩn have accelerated the trover away from wet markets. Online grocery stores become a daily necessity when people across Đài Loan Trung Quốc were locked down in their homes.
Eliam Huang, analyst at Coresight, said the outbreak forces users to lớn adapt to lớn the trend otherwise they would be hesitant to lớn vì chưng so. "The crisis makes people more prepared for the techy future," she said.
But for now, discouraging people from using wet markets altogether is not a viable solution. University of Sydney"s environmental & humanitarian engineer Petr Matous said that wet markets play an important role in food security for many low income communities, both in Trung Quốc & globally, who don"t have access lớn online options.
"Abolishing wet markets may give the illusion of solving the cause of the current situation but the real problems are deeper than that," he said in an tin nhắn.
Many experts agree that ending the illegal trade of animals is the most important means of preventing the next pandemic -- và that means better regulation and stricter enforcement, especially at a local cấp độ.
In the long term, however, even better regulation might not fully stop the illegal wildlife trade if demand persists -- it will simply go underground, according to lớn the World Wildlife Fund.
"This health crisis must serve sầu as a wake-up gọi for the need lớn kết thúc unsustainable use of endangered animals & their parts, as exotic pets, for food consumption & for their perceived medicinal value," said the organization.